Main Article Content
The 2019 CSIM national meeting included a workshop focused on current topics related to medical education across Canada. The workshop topics included leadership in education, teaching point of care ultrasound, teaching clinical reasoning, and using competency based medical education to design a maintenance of competency program for practicing specialists. This article reflects the experience and discussions from the session, with the goal of stimulating national conversations and collaborations betweenCSIM members.
2. Avolio BJ, Gardner WL. Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Q. 2005;16(3):315–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.03.001
3. Malila N, Lunkka N, Suhonen M. Authentic leadership in healthcare: A scoping review. Leadership Health Serv (Bradford, England). 2018;31(1):129–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/LHS-02-2017-0007
4. Frank JR, Snell L, Sherbino J. CanMEDS 2015 Physician competency framework. Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2015.
5. Steinert Y, Naismith L, Mann K. Faculty development initiatives designed to promote leadership in medical education. A BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 19. Med Teach. 2012;34(6):483–503. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.680937
6. American College of Physicians. ACP statement in support of point of care ultrasound for internists [Internet]. 2018. Available from: https://www.acponline.org/meetings-courses/focused-topics/point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-for-internal-medicine
7. Soni NJ, Schnobrich D, Matthews BK, et al. Point-of-care ultrasound for hospitalists: A position statement of the Society of Hospital Medicine. J Hosp Med. 2019;14:E1–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3287
8. LoPresti CM, Jensen TP, Dversdal RK, Astiz DJ. Point of care ultrasound for internal medicine residency training: A position statement from the alliance of academic internal medicine. Am J Med. 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.07.019
9. Filopei J, Siedenburg H, Rattner P, Fukaya E, Kory P. Impact of pocket ultrasound use by internal medicine house staff in the diagnosis of dyspnea. J Hosp Med. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhm.2219
10. Perrone T, Maggi A, Sgarlata C, et al. Lung ultrasound in internal medicine: A bedside help to increase accuracy in the diagnosis of dyspnea. Eur J Intern Med. 2017;46:61–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2017.07.034
11. Arishenkoff S, Eddy C, Roberts JM, et al. Accuracy of spleen measurement by medical residents using hand-carried ultrasound. J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34:2203–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.15.02022
12. Cessford T, Meneilly GS, Arishenkoff S, et al. Comparing physical examination with sonographic versions of the same examination techniques for splenomegaly. J Ultrasound Med. 2018;37:1621–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14506
13. Feilchenfeld Z, Dornan T, Whitehead C, Kuper A. Ultrasound in undergraduate medical education: A systematic and critical review. Med Educ. 2017;51:366–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13211
14. Feilchenfeld Z, Kuper A, Whitehead C. Stethoscope of the 21st century: Dominant discourses of ultrasound in medical education. Med Educ. 2018;52:1271–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13714
15. Ebell M. Point-of-care ultrasonography: An effective tool when used appropriately. Am Fam Physician. 2019;99:143.
16. Ma IWY, Arishenkoff S, Wiseman J, et al. Internal medicine point-of-care ultrasound curriculum: Consensus recommendations from the Canadian Internal Medicine Ultrasound (CIMUS) group. J Gen Intern Med. 2017;32:1052–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-017-4071-5
17. Ambasta A, Balan M, Mayette M, et al. Education indicators for internal medicine point-of-are ultrasound: A consensus report from the Canadian Internal Medicine Ultrasound (CIMUS) group. J Gen Intern Med. 2019:1–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-05124-1
18. Evans JS. Dual-processing accounts of reasoning, judgment, and social cognition. Annu Rev Psychol. 2008;59:255–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093629
19. Norman G. Dual processing and diagnostic errors. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2009;14(Suppl 1):3749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10459-009-9179-x
20. Norman G, Monteiro S, Sherbino J, Ilgen J, Schmidt H, Mamede S. The causes of errors in clinical reasoning: Cognitive biases, knowledge deficits, and dual process thinking. Acad Med. 2017;92:23–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000001421
21. Monteiro S, Sherbino J, Sibbald M, Norman G. Critical thinking, biases and dual processing: The enduring myth of generalisable skills. Med Educ. 2020 Jan;54(1):66–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.13872
22. Luthans F, Avolio BJ. Authentic leadership: A positive developmental approach. In: Cameron KS, Dutton JE, Quinn RE, editors. Positive organizational scholarship. San Francisco, CA: Barrett-Koehler; 2003. p. 241–61.
23. Lockyer J, Bursey F, Richardson D, Frank J, Snell L, Campbell C. Competency-based medical education and continuing professional development: A conceptualization for change. Med Teach. 2017;39(6):617–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2017.1315064
24. Campbell C, Sisler J, on behalf of the FMEC CPD Steering Committee. [Internet]. Available from: https://www.fmec-cpd.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/FMEC-CPD_Synthesized_EN_WEB.pdf